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L-theanine Supplements – What Are Its Best Uses

What exactly is L-Theanine?

L-theanine is an amino acid that is certainly naturally found in green tea. Also known as Suntheanine, this is a compound that is generally taken out from tea leaves. It additionally extracted from Boletus badius (an edible mushroom). Discovered in Japan being an ingredient of green tea, it absolutely was approved for use in foods in 1964.

What L-Theanine Employed for?

Doctors recommend L theanine for anxiety the way it has a relaxing effect without having inducing drowsiness. At the same time L-theanine supplements utilized for high blood pressure, elimination of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, and decreasing the risk of various kinds of cancer. For dosage, you will need to talk to the pharmacist and/ or doctor prior to deciding to buy L-theanine to be for the safe side. Generally, it is taken once a week for 3 weeks unless in any other case recommended.

Are There Any Other Benefits from Using L-Theanine?

Though the common use for L-Theanine is for anxiety, studies have shown that this healthy supplement is able to increase the production of nootropic factor thus, improve attention (especially visual attention), determine mood, boost memory power, as well as sharpen cognitive skills. The benefits offered are akin to that of caffeine, within the crash that comes from consuming the latter.

People who took L-Theanine supplements found which they slept better at night, socialized less complicated and better, and could overcome stress effortlessly. In addition to the above mentioned benefits, some studies point for the ability of L-Theanine to enhance the immune system by priming your T-lymphocytes.

Is It Safe To buy L-Theanine Online?

As long since the online pharmacy is reputed as well as licensed, it is safe to purchase L-theanine online. Actually, it is significantly more convenient to buy these supplements from a online pharmacy than any medicine store. It is worthwhile to mention here that in america L-theanine supplements are categorized under GRAS (generally accepted as safe) by the FDA.

Contraindications

Studies are certainly not clear about the effects involving L-theanine supplements on pregnant as well as breastfeeding women; hence, to be safe it is advisable to avoid these health supplements in the event you belong to these categories.

Are there any Side Effects When Using T Theanine For Anxiety?

There are certainly not many side effects reported. In fact, these are so rare which are almost negligible. In very uncommon cases, there would be indicators of GI, dizziness and/ or perhaps headaches.

For more Information Contact:

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Xanax Vs. Pain Clinic Treatment

Treating an illness or injury which produces persistent discomfort is something which many express an interest in. After all, nobody wants to face pain on a daily basis. Fortunately, there are different ways to treat the various symptoms which afflict many. Two options often involve medications and treatments. The following will explore medicinal treatments versus holistic to see what they are used for and how they differ in their methods.

What Is Xanax and What Does It Treat?

Xanax is a prescription medication sometimes prescribed by doctors to treat various ailments. Used primarily for mental disorders, such as anxiety, Xanax has also been known to treat those with chronic pain. It is prescribed in pill form and at different strength levels.

What Is Pain Clinic Treatment and What Does It Treat?

Pain clinic treatment is the general term for ache resolution treatments administered at that type of clinic. If you go to a pain clinic southwest Florida, you may have access to various treatments such as acupuncture, physical therapy, epidural injections and more. Florida pain management clinics offer many options for pain sufferers to use in order to seek relief. These clinic treatments can be used for a vast array of medical conditions and to help alleviate symptoms from various injuries.

Which Is Better?

Only you and your doctor can decide whether Xanax, clinic treatments or something else altogether will help you with your chronic illness. Keep in mind that individuals may become dependent on medications such as Xanax whereas pain clinic treatments provide a more holistic, non-dependent approach to pain relief. Just be sure to review your options thoroughly before settling on a particular remedy and be armed with the proper knowledge so that you can make the best decision. Always consult with your doctor as to the pros and cons associated with each type of treatment method.

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Vitamins and Herbs for Treating Female Infertility – Few Vitamins and Herbs You Can Use to Enhance F

Taking vitamins and herbs for treating female infertility is an important step to finally have the child that you and your partner have long wanted. Couples often neglect to look into their vitamin deficiency in trying to resolve fertility issues. They go through such lengthy and expensive treatment with which the issue can be resolved by taking a few vitamins and herbs to correct the deficiency and enhance fertility.

In ensuring your reproductive health and wellness, it is important that your body gets the right balance of vitamins, nutrients and minerals. This will help you boost your fertility and empower you to conceive easily. Maintaining the right amount of vitamins, nutrients and minerals in the body will also prevent you from going through a difficult pregnancy. Lucky for you, there are vitamins and herbs for treating female infertility that you can take conveniently in either capsule or liquid form.

When you consult your ob-gynecologist, youll also be advised to take some vitamins and minerals to load your body with the right amount of nutrients necessary for conception. There are certain vitamins that are suited to enhance female fertility. There are also herbs that are proven to be effective in the treatment of infertility.

Some of these vitamins and herbs for treating female infertility are the following: vitamins A, C, E and B, as well as folic acid, fatty acid, and beta carotene. Herbs such as flaxseed oil, evening primrose oil, and Siberian ginseng, among others, can promote healthy ovary and uterus to improve fertility. There are dietary supplements available in the market today that are loaded with these vitamins and herbs.

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Paris, France Maternity Hospitals In Paris

Choosing Your Maternity Hospital. Unknown to many, there are American hospitals in Paris. That is assuring if you are a westerner accustomed to western medical service. The presence of American hospitals in Paris should end your anxieties about the type of maternal services available here.
American hospitals are run American doctors and staffed with trained midwives and nurses. These hospitals have cutting-edge equipments to ensure safe delivery of babies and the health and safety of mothers.

However, Paris has its set of maternity hospitals. Yet it is best to get a private hospital because many of the government-funded maternity hospitals are short of staff. To get more ideas how Paris maternity hospitals are run and evaluated visit the health bureau website.

Mothers who want to give birth to their babies in France can also get the services of experienced midwives. Actually, this is recommended only for women who have no problems during pregnancy or complications that can endanger the baby’s and mother’s health.

Prior to the birth, midwives and doctors go through the important routine of asking about the family history. Blood tests are also taken to find out if there are health risks or diseases that might affect the baby.

The doctor eventually recommends a gynecologist who is going to attend to you before, during, and after the birth of the baby. But you can choose your gynecologist if you have someone in mind or if the doctor back home has suggested someone who has a good track record and who can speak English.

There are maternity hospitals in the city and in the quieter and lovely countryside. To save on hotel and hospital stay after giving birth, you can opt to rent a holiday apartment that would be your home until you are fit to return back to your country.

Baby’s Citizenship. If your baby is born in an American hospital in Paris, your baby can be registered as a French citizen. The French citizenship must be registered at least three days prior to the baby’s birth. After the birth, the baby is registered according to the parents’ citizenship. As a result, the baby has dual citizenship.

Whatever your citizenship, having a baby in an American-run maternity hospital in Paris eases your mind about the language barrier and of course you feel at home in familiar hospital management.

Accommodation. Book a holiday apartment online – a nice cozy place to bring baby to after your hospital stay. Holiday apartments are modern homes or remodeled old homes and are beautifully decorated to suit different tastes. Online booking is faster and convenient and you can get discounts too.

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Find The Best Medical Call Center

Having a medical practice means that you are going to need to have a reliable way of keeping in touch with your patients. If they have problems or questions about the medical procedures, medicines, or aftercare plans, they are going to need to have a way of contacting you with their questions. You also want to make it easy for them to be able to schedule appointments and have someone to answer some of their routine medical questions. If there is an emergency, you will certainly want to be there for them. One of the best options for those who have clinics is to use a medical call center.

However, you need to make sure that the center you are using is capable of handling the type of work you need. It’s not prudent to hire just any company for this task. You need to make sure that the medical call center you choose hires employees who have HIPAA training, as well as medical knowledge to help you patients. When you are hiring a company, make sure that you research and see that they will be able to handle the job properly.

One of the most important things to consider is what type of call services they offer. Are the employees going to be able to help with scheduling appointments and routing your calls to the correct physicians? Will they have the training and ability to answer some of the simple medical questions that your patients might ask when they are calling? Can they determine if there is an emergency where they need to contact you right away? The experience of a medical call center is going to be a major factor when you are making your decision.

Another thing that you should think about when hiring is what hours the call center works. It’s simply not good enough to hire a medical call center that works 8 to 4 or 9 to 5. You need a company that is going to be able to answer your phones for you throughout the day and night, all year long, including holidays. Just because you aren’t at the clinic, it doesn’t mean that your patients don’t have needs. Round the clock service is vital.

Take the time to go compile a list of the things that you want from an answering service, and it will be much easier to narrow your choices and find the company that offers what you need.

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Hand Sanitizer Dispensers For Hospitals

One of the most common places to see hand sanitizer dispensers are in hospitals and medical facilities. Doctors, nurses and patients alike benefit from its use. The need to fight germs and prevent illness from spreading is profound in areas like hospitals and medical facilities.

According to the Center for Disease Control, 80% of infections are spread by hand. This is because most people often touch areas of their body that can spread the infections such as their eyes, noses and mouths. Therefore the use of sanitizer can prevent illness from spreading. It should have 60% to 95% alcohol. The Center for Disease Control states that the alcohol deactivates the bacteria on hands and reduces viruses as well.

Sanitizing does not lead to resistance to antibiotics so it can be used frequently, although it should not replace regular washing of the hands. Hand sanitizer dispensers which were originally found in hospitals and medical facilities are being found more often in many other types of public places and institutions such as schools, offices, stores, restaurants and more.

It should not be used however, when hands come in contact with blood, fecal matter or dirt. It is best to thoroughly wash your hands should you come in contact with any of these. It is also best to use after washing your hands. Alcohol based sanitizer kills a range of bacteria, including (MRSA) methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, which is a flesh eating bacteria. Someone who uses sanitizer has a slower rate of bacteria redevelopment as well.

A lot of hospitals have guidelines for sanitizing, such as doctors and nurses being required to sanitize in between patients and to wash between every couple of uses of sanitizer. Also, whenever a hospital employee comes in contact with someone’s bodily fluids they are often required to wash and then sanitize as opposed to just sanitizing. People should use one dime sized drop and rub their hands together for roughly half of a minute for it to be effective. If you can’t continue scrubbing your hands together for half a minute, you likely did not use enough.

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Important Types Of Equipments Used In Hospitals

For a person, depending on the type of disease that he is suffering from, it gets important to get admitted in a hospital, especially when doctors are unable to take care of him at home or in small clinics. In some of the major cities in the US, like Idaho Falls (Idaho) and Rupert (Idaho), you would come across a number of hospitals where various types of injuries and ailments are taken care of daily. Due to this it is important for such healthcare facilities to be well equipped with all the necessary equipments for various types of treatments.

There are various small and large equipments that you can see being used in hospitals almost daily. Some of them are: :

1. Surgical equipments: This is one of the most common categories of equipments that are seen in almost all healthcare facilities. Surgical tools are needed for performing various types of surgeries on people to improve their lives. Amongst the various surgical tools the most common ones are scissors, scalpels, and focused lasers to name a few. Although they are meant to cut through the human skin, they are so designed to minimize pain and maintain proper safety while being used.

2. Diagnostic equipments: In almost all the hospitals of a number of cities in the US, like Idaho Falls (Idaho) and Pocatello (Idaho), you would find various types of diagnostic tools that are being used. These equipments are very important to understand the severity of injuries and the root cause of various ailments. Some of the most commonly used ones are x-ray machines, CAT (Computed Axial Tomography) scanners, and MRIs or Magnetic Resonance Imaging to name a few.

3. Monitoring equipments: These types of tools are very important to keep track of a patient’s progress, especially after a surgery and also to keep track of any sudden changes to his condition. One of the most frequently used monitoring equipments in various hospitals is pulse or heart rate monitors.

If you have to admit one of your near and dear ones to such healthcare facilities and are looking for good hospitals – Idaho Falls (Idaho) and Jerome (Idaho) are some of the cities in the US where you can visit Bingham Memorial Hospital. They are committed to excel in all their services and provide quality and compassionate healthcare services. Check out their official website www.socialdir.net, where you can access further information about their services.

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Nutritional And Dietary Supplements Market In The Us – Opportunities And Future Outlook

Executive Summary

The US continues to be the largest market for nutrients & supplements in the world in terms of retail sales. In 2010, the US nutrition and dietary supplements market reached USD 28.04 billion compared to USD 25.00 billion of 2009. The growth was due to the recovering economy, rising employment level and increase in chronic diseases. Among the various product categories, sales of vitamins and dietary supplements showed a positive growth trend in 2010, and sales contribution of herbal supplements and sports nutrition was the largest. Probiotics is another segment which is expected to generate strong growth in coming years.
In 2010 sale of vitamin D in the US reached USD 369.75 million, 11.55% up from 2009. Demand for sports drinks is rising every year due to rising focus on fitness as well as the opening of new health clubs and gymnasiums. In the US sales of energy drinks reached USD 6.08 billion in the year 2010 compared to USD ~ billion in 2009.
Rising income level, aging baby boomers, changing lifestyle, increased focus on health, high incidence of diseases are some of the factors that are driving the demand for nutrients & supplements in the region. Despite recession, the industry has shown growth, particularly in case of herbal and sports, weight loss product categories.
The report on The US Nutrition and Dietary Supplements Market and Future Outlook includes a detailed study of the nutrition and supplements industry. The report further discusses the different segments of this market, such as vitamins, sports nutrition and weight loss as well as the herbal supplements category. We have analyzed industry driving factors and trends prevailing in the market. The report also includes the major players and their financial performance. Additionally, we have discussed cause and effect relationship of macroeconomic and industry factors on the industry providing the basis for the future outlook.

Scope of the Report
The report gives a detailed analysis of the Nutrients & Supplements industry of the US including insights on market past performance, sales by category and channels, detailed analyses and future outlook of the industry.
Industry demand trends by segmentation helps to understand reasons of growth and threat from external factors.
Detailed description of driving factors gives a better understanding of further scope in the industry.
This research report helps the domestic and international players looking for potential segment in the industry.
The present industry trends help to know the recent trend which may influence the demand. Further we have mentioned major macro economy factors to give a clear picture of the US economy.

For more information please refer to the below mentioned link:

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The Best Dry Skin Therapy To Treat Your Dry Skin

Most people with dry skin are spending millions of dollars every year on dry skin therapy. However, a great number of them are not able to find the relief they are looking for. This is because they are not using the right products with the right ingredients. It is very simple and it starts by knowing the right quality of ingredients to look for. Ideally, there is a wide range of quality ingredients that have been include in this therapy and produced excellent results. Some of these ingredients are explained below. Shea butter- It is also called Karite butter. It is light yellowish and obtained from the fruits of Shea tree by boiling and crushing. This oil is used as an emollient, moisturizer and as cooking oil in some regions. When applied on the skin, it provides a natural protection against the harmful UV rays. It is known to produce an evening tone, heal burns, stretch marks and dark spots. It returns the shininess to chemical treated or dry hair; penetrates deeper restoring the elasticity of the skin and treats conditions such as psoriasis and eczema. So, next time you move to the store go for the products with Shea butter as the main ingredient. Using Jojoba oil- It is obtained from crushed seeds of jojoba plant. It is similar to sebum and it is made up of wax esters. It is absorbed easily without clogging the pores or causing allergic reactions. Once applied in the skin, it has an amazing ability of regulating the amount of sebum produced by the skin. This means that, the body does not produce too little or too much sebum. It moisturizes the skin because it is composed of wax and not oil which leaves a greasy residue. Jojoba oil also provides the fatty substances which are required to reduce the rate of water loss by the skin. They assist in the production of collagen, a protein that keeps the skin healthy and young. Finally, stop using soaps since they are harsh making it dry and start using mild cleansers. For outstanding results, you should have a change in your diet. Ingredients derived from avocados, vegetables and fruits play a very important role in enhancing a healthy skin.

David C. Brown holds a Master of Education and a Bachelor of Science in Education. Be sure to follow my writings daily. Check out my website:

2

Universal Healthcare The Pros And Cons

Universal Healthcare is being strongly considered in the United States. Universal Healthcare basically means that every citizen will be eligible for health coverage, regardless of their ability to pay for it. There are pros and cons of such a system.

First of all, let’s take a look at the pros of Universal Healthcare (also known as Socialized Medicine). The benefits are fairly obvious. If we cover each and every citizen with affordable or free health insurance, they will be able to maintain their health regardless of their income.

One major advantage of such as system is that it can literally save lives. People die in our country each day because they cannot afford healthcare. And that includes working Americans. That is a travesty! It’s heartbreaking that there are millions of people who are contributing tax dollars to our national economy who are not in turn given their most basic need: maintenance of their health.

It almost seems obvious that it’s time to take the cue from Canada and implement Universal Healthcare. Their citizens seem to be fairly happy with the system, and it has been saving lives there on a daily basis.

However, as is true with any system (no matter how good a system it is), no healthcare solution is without fault. There are some notable disadvantages to Universal Healthcare which are worth acknowledging.

One negative side effect to providing universal healthcare is that spreading something too thin causes it to lose its inherent value. If we try to spread out our healthcare, it is possible that the quality of care will go down. Why? Because the hospitals and doctors offices will have more patients to deal with!

Naturally, no doctor would deliberately decrease his or her quality of care. Unfortunately, however, if your patient count multiplies, it can be hard to keep up. This could be overcome by the increased funding from the government under a socialized system, since that could cover a boost in medical staffing.

The other disadvantage that could result from Universal Healthcare is a lack of availability of care, causing a decrease in access to healthcare for everyone, including those who could afford to pay for it. There could be waiting lists that could prevent people from getting the care they need.

At the end of the day, we have to decide if the few drawbacks are worth it, in order to help out our fellow Americans who cannot afford to have any care whatsoever.

2

Shifting Hospital Buying Criteria Are Transforming Medical Device Sales Strategies

Working as an executive coach and strategy consultant within the healthcare marketplace provides a unique perspective. Over the past couple of years Ive found myself engaged in projects with global, multi-billion dollar medical device corporations, leading teaching hospitals, information technology leaders, investor-driven start-ups, and regional hospital systems. It has delivered an interesting vantage point to witness the foreshadowing healthcare reform has donned across the landscape. While many of the changes are still yet to come, the impetus of change is already rippling through the sector.

Having the opportunity to see things unfold from both sides of the medical device/hospital, producer/consumer relationship does not go unappreciated. It is a privileged overlook that reveals not only the drivers behind a rapidly changing marketplace, but the initiatives both sides of this symbiotic relationship are scrambling to implement.

Two major shifts are occurring, one leading inevitably to the other. First, hospitals are moving towards evidence-based care. I know this may sound a bit odd and disconcerting to the lay person (i.e. patient) who looks towards medicine and the practice of it as science. Is not science always evidence-based? Well yes, of course it is, in the laboratory or clinical trial. But clinical medicine is delivered through a practice. While we all trust that surgeons and physicians are guided and steeped in the science of medicine, we must also appreciate that once theyre in practice medicine continues to evolve scientifically and technologically.

Medical science does not stand still. The nearly $30 billion in annual, research tax dollars invested by the National Institutes of Health is pushing the envelope forward at an ever-accelerating pace. And this figure doesnt include the private research and development dollars of biopharmaceutical and medical device companies. In fact, it has recently been projected that humankinds scientific knowledge is doubling every five years. How many peer-reviewed, clinical studies can we expect even the finest surgeons and medical practitioners to read every year? Surgeons and physicians do the best they can to keep pace with the state of the science, but traditionally, they practice medicine within a relatively small community of peers, institutions, and colleagues. The practice of clinical medicine, unlike many other technologically-driven industries, has been fragmented. All of the critical-to-quality variables that have been captured, analyzed, and applied in aeronautics, electronics, software, automotive engineering, pharmaceutical manufacturing, even the frying of the perfect fast-food french fry have been unattainable in clinical medicine. Until now.

The federal requirements for automating patient records is unleashing a new age in medicine. And patient records are just the beginning. The application of informatics, the ability to capture large, statistically significant pools of clinical data regarding demographics, genetics, presenting conditions, treatments, surgical procedures, peri-operative care, and patient outcomes is driving a seismic shift in how medicine will be practiced in the future. It is probably the last frontier, the last industry to benefit from transposing raw data into cogent information that will dramatically effect quality, costs, and the standardization of processes to optimize both of these factors simultaneously.

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Daily Vitamins Consider The Necessary Ingredients Of Effective Multivitamins

Many people with healthy diets assume that they are getting everything they need. Unfortunately, it is difficult to get all the necessary minerals to stay healthy, unless you keep excellent track of all the ingredients in your food. Instead of obsessing about what you eat, you can simply find out the best daily vitamins to take if you are a woman.

In most cases, you can get the correct dosage of the nutrients you need through daily vitamins that contain multiple minerals. One of the most important for women is calcium, which can help prevent osteoporosis and promote strong bones, which typically break easier as you age. You should get about 1000 mg each day of calcium.

If keeping your skin looking healthy and your eyes clear are two goals you have, you should take vitamin A. Most women need about 5000 mg of this kind. Compared to the amounts that you need of other daily vitamins, your necessary consumption of both this nutrient and calcium are high, so it is crucial that any multivitamin you take has quite a bit of these.

Your intake of other minerals is much lower. For example, zinc, which helps you heal, have a strong immune system, and keep your taste buds in good shape, is only needed in amounts of about 8 mg each day.

Similarly, vitamins B6 and B12 are necessary to regulate metabolism, among other things, but you should only take 1.3 mg and 2.4 mcg, respectively. Be sure to stick to the recommended amounts, as you can actually overdose on such supplements.

If you want to have a nervous system that is in tip top shape, you should take about 400 mcg of folate. Additionally, you will need about 18 mg of iron to keep your blood healthy and oxygen flowing to all your tissue. Most multivitamins will have all these necessary ingredients, though you should check the package before buying to be sure.

These suggestions of daily vitamins are for the typical women. If you are pregnant, hoping to become pregnant, or nursing, you should take only supplements made for such stages in your life, after making sure it is okay with your doctor.

Unfortunately many people do not know that it is possible to overdose on any vitamin, though the negative effects vary depending on which one you take too much of. If you are generally healthy, picking out a multivitamin at the store after reading the label should suffice, but if you are under a doctor’s care for any condition, you should consult him or her first.

Using daily vitamins supports your daily wellness and address vitamin deficiency, by helping your body obtain the fundamental nutrients it requires. To know more, visit

2

Emerging Healthcare Sector In India

Healthcare sector is India’s one of largest sector which comprises of an extensive network of hospitals, medical or healthcare institutes and other medical services. Initially the healthcare sector in India remained in public domain but now many private players are also playing significant role in health-based services.

Raising the consciousness towards nutrition in India, maintaining public health and improving the standard of living of the Indian people are some of the main responsibilities of the State and Centre government in India. A large number of government hospitals that provide healthcare facilities at subsidized rate are operating in different states in India. These hospitals are set up with an aim to provide adequate medical facilities to both a patient living poverty line as well to another prosperous patient.

Primary healthcare in India is provided by the city and district hospitals and rural healthcare centers. Very often, these medical centers provide healthcare facilities free of cost. There are special provisions to handle grave healthcare issues such as malnutrition, immunization against various deadly diseases, pregnancy, child birth and postnatal care.

In the recent times, India has witnessed major success in eradicating mass famines, however the country still suffers from serious problems of malnutrition and lack of health consciousness among Indian people. Improper sanitation facilities and inadequate water supply are few other problems which are adversely affecting healthcare in India.

Fortunately, despite of all these perennial problems, the healthcare sector in India is growing at a rapid pace. In 2007, the healthcare market in India was estimated was estimated at US $35 billion. It is expected that the healthcare sector in India will double and reach US $70 billion by 2012. Rising income levels and a growing elderly population are some of the factors augmenting growth of healthcare sector in India.

India has also carved a niche for itself as an excellent medical tourism destination in the past few years. Every year thousands of international visitors come to India to get adequate medical treatment in India. Some of the most common treatments are heart surgery, knee transplant, cosmetic surgery and dental surgery. In order to remain competitive, healthcare providers in India are looking at improving their operational efficiency and are providing value added medical experience to patients.

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About Hospital Billing Procedures

After a visit to the hospital, whether a planned visit or an emergency one, most people have questions regarding hospital billing procedures. Although each hospital may have its own procedures, some hospital billing services are provided as a general rule by all hospitals.

Upon release, the patient should receive a copy of the bill. If not, a copy of the bill will be received in the mail within a few weeks. The statement will indicate that it is not a bill and for informational purposes only.

If a patient has insurance, the insurance carrier will be billed directly for the services provided. If there is a co-pay, some hospitals will require it to be paid at the time of registration. Others will bill the patient for the co-pay after they receive payment from the insurance company and receive confirmation of the co-pay amount. The insurance company may also send an invoice indicating the amount to be paid by the patient for fees and services not covered by the insurance company.

If a patient does not have insurance, payment arrangements will need to be made beforehand for planned admissions, and at the time of registration for emergencies. Hospitals accept cash, check, money orders or credit cards. Most hospitals are willing to work out payment plans with patients unable to pay the full amount and many have financial aid services available. The admissions staff can also assist a patient in determining whether they qualify for a government-sponsored program or payment assistance program that may cover all or some of the expenses.

Physician billing is for professional services and/or procedures performed by the doctor. This is separate from the hospital billing, which is for costs such as the operating room, patients room and overhead costs. Separate bills are generally sent from the physician and the hospital for inpatient and outpatient visits. In addition, each physician, such as a cardiologist, anesthesiologist, or radiologist, would prepare and send a separate bill. These will also be processed separately by the insurance company.

Hospital visits, whether planned or unplanned, can be scary and expensive and billing can be confusing. However, the hospital has staff that is trained to help with billing questions and can respond to any issues that may arise either before or after admission. A patient should be sure to look over all invoices related to the treatment and admission to be sure that no duplicate or incorrect charges are on the statements.

2

The Construction and Development History of a Hospital

Introduction

In October of 2009, the brand new Owatonna Hospital was opened in the heart of Southern Minnesota. This hospital is an excellent example of the development and construction history that is in many of the old hospitals and other health institutions. Here follows a summary of the more than 100 years of history for Owatonna Hospital.

The Early Days

In 1900, the original hospital building, which then was a two-story brick home with a barn, was obtained for $6,500 and opened its doors to patients in early 1901. In its first year, the hospital cared for 105 patients. In 1906, the first addition to the hospital was made after a donation of $10,000 was received.

From 1908 to 1932, the development of a nursing school transpired because of the demands for more trained nurses. A second addition was constructed for $101,000, in 1931, which had an additional 50 beds available. This was done due to the increased patients in need of care.

New Era

In 1961 a two-story addition was completed as part of a $1.3 million construction project. This new addition was added to the building of 1931. Later in the same decade, a further 3rd floor was added to this building.

During 1984 construction started on a new hospital that would cost $7 million to complete. This was all completed in 1985 and the hospital received a new name: the “Health Central of Owatonna.” In 1991 a Department for Mental Health opened its doors for patients and offered different mental health treatments and evaluations.

In 1997, a $1.5 million renovation occurred. These renovations altered about 10,000 square feet of the entire hospital and its facilities. Further minor renovations also took place in the years of 1991-1992, 1998-1999 and in 2001 as well.

The Modern Era

New plans were made to start construction of a new Owatonna Clinic in the 26th street location in 1999 and they looked into obtaining further land to develop a healthcare campus,. A recommendation was made in 2002 to start with the construction of a brand new hospital building, but was first based on a 3-year study.

In 2005 the recommendations for this new hospital construction were approved, and in 2006, funds totaling $46 million were released to begin with the planning and construction. In September of 2007, excavations began for the new hospital.

Finally, on October 16, 2009, the final opening of the new Owatonna Hospital took place.